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Gender differences in motivation and barriers for the practice of physical exercise in adolescence

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Gender differences in motivation and barriers for the practice of physical exercise in adolescence

Portela Pino, Iago; López Castedo, Antonio; Martínez Patiño, María José; Valverde Esteve, Teresa; Domínguez Alonso, José
 
DATE : 2019-12-25
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER : http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1573
UNESCO SUBJECT : 3212 Salud Publica ; 6102 Psicología del Niño y del Adolescente
DOCUMENT TYPE : article

ABSTRACT :

A total of 852 adolescents between 12 and 17 years of age were evaluated (M = 14.86, SD = 1.67), randomly selected among a population of secondary school and Baccalaureate students. We applied an “ad hoc” questionnaire on sociodemographic data and the Self-Report of Reasons for the Practice of Physical Exercise (AMPEF) and Self-Report of Barriers to the Practice of Physical Exercise (ABPEF) questionnaires. The results obtained show a prevalence of competition, social recognition, and challenge as motivational factors, and fatigue or laziness as barriers to physical exercise among adolescents. With respect to gender, boys show a greater presence of motivations towards doing physical exercise, while girls show more barriers. In conclusion, the motivational factors and barriers interact and support each other for a better predisposition towards physical exercise.

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