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Design and development of a methodology based on expert systems, applied to the treatment of pressure ulcers

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Design and development of a methodology based on expert systems, applied to the treatment of pressure ulcers

Casal Guisande, Manuel; Comesaña Campos, Alberto; Cerqueiro Pequeño, Jorge; Bouza Rodriguez, Jose Benito
 
DATE : 2020-08-20
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER : http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1604
UNESCO SUBJECT : 3311.02 Ingeniería de Control ; 1105 Metodología ; 3207 Patología
DOCUMENT TYPE : article

ABSTRACT :

The medical treatment of chronic wounds, pressure ulcers in particular, burdens healthcare systems nowadays with high expenses that result mainly from their monitoring and assessment stages. Decision support systems applied within the ‘remote medicine’ framework may be of help, not only to the process of monitoring the evolution of chronic wounds under treatment, but also to facilitate the prevention and early detection of potential risk conditions in the affected patients. In this paper, the design and definition of a new decision-support methodology to be applied to the monitoring and assessment stages of the medical treatment process for pressure ulcers is proposed. Built upon the use and development of expert systems, the methodology makes it possible to generate alerts derived from the evolution of a patient’s chronic wound, by means of the interpretation and combination of data coming from both an image of the wound, and the considerations of a healthcare professional with expertise in the subject matter. Some positive results are already shown regarding the determination ... [+]
The medical treatment of chronic wounds, pressure ulcers in particular, burdens healthcare systems nowadays with high expenses that result mainly from their monitoring and assessment stages. Decision support systems applied within the ‘remote medicine’ framework may be of help, not only to the process of monitoring the evolution of chronic wounds under treatment, but also to facilitate the prevention and early detection of potential risk conditions in the affected patients. In this paper, the design and definition of a new decision-support methodology to be applied to the monitoring and assessment stages of the medical treatment process for pressure ulcers is proposed. Built upon the use and development of expert systems, the methodology makes it possible to generate alerts derived from the evolution of a patient’s chronic wound, by means of the interpretation and combination of data coming from both an image of the wound, and the considerations of a healthcare professional with expertise in the subject matter. Some positive results are already shown regarding the determination of the ulcer’s status in the tests that have been carried out so far. Therefore, it is considered that the proposed methodology might lead to substantial improvements regarding both the treatment’s efficiency and cost savings. [-]

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