Phytochemical profiles, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of grape (Vitis vinifera L.) seeds and skin from organic and conventional vineyards
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1856
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/9/11/1470
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2414.08 Procesos Microbianos ; 1209.03 Análisis de Datos ; 3309.90 Microbiología de Alimentos
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The therapeutic benefits of extracts obtained from different red grape fractions were thoroughly studied, however, data regarding the comparison of phytochemical extracts prepared from the same varieties coming from organic versus conventional management systems are rather lacking. The present study aimed at comparing some of the phytochemical characteristics and antimicrobial activity of hydroalcoholic (50% v/v) extracts obtained from four varieties of red grapes cultivated respectively in organic and conventional vineyards. Total flavonoid content, total phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activity were determined by molecular absorption spectroscopy. Antimicrobial activity of the studied extracts was evaluated against common bacterial strains isolated from different habitats according to specific lab procedures. The analyses were performed in solid broths by applying the disk diffusion method, which allowed for the simultaneous determination of the spectrum of the sensitivity of the tested bacteria as well as the values of the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC). It was found that favorable antagonistic activities against the tested bacteria strains were exhibited by the hydroalcoholic extracts from the seeds of the organic varieties, respectively the skin of the conventional varieties.
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