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Prevalent ALMS1 pathogenic variants in Spanish Alström patients

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Prevalent ALMS1 pathogenic variants in Spanish Alström patients

Bea Mascato, Brais; López Solarat, Carlos; Perea-Romero, Irene; Jaijo, Teresa; Blanco-Kelly, Fiona; Millán, José M.; Ayuso, Carmen; Valverde Perez, Diana
 
DATE : 2021-02-16
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER : http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2003
UNESCO SUBJECT : 3201.02 Genética Clínica ; 2407.02 Citogenética ; 2410.07 Genética Humana
DOCUMENT TYPE : article

ABSTRACT :

Alström syndrome (ALMS) is an ultrarare disease with an estimated prevalence lower than 1 in 1,000,000. It is associated with disease-causing mutations in the Alström syndrome 1 (ALMS1) gene, which codifies for a structural protein of the basal body and centrosomes. The symptomatology involves nystagmus, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), obesity, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), neurodegenerative disorders and multiorgan fibrosis. We refined the clinical and genetic diagnosis data of 12 patients from 11 families, all of them from Spain. We also studied the allelic frequency of the different variants present in this cohort and performed a haplotype analysis for the most prevalent allele. The genetic analysis revealed 2 novel homozygous variants located in the exon 8, p.(Glu929Ter) and p.(His1808GlufsTer20) in 2 unrelated patients. These 2 novel variants were classified as pathogenic after an in silico experiment (computer analysis). On the other hand, 2 alleles were detected at a high frequency in our cohort: p.(Tyr1714Ter) (25%) and p.(Ser3872TyrfsTer19) (16.7%). The segregation analysis ... [+]
Alström syndrome (ALMS) is an ultrarare disease with an estimated prevalence lower than 1 in 1,000,000. It is associated with disease-causing mutations in the Alström syndrome 1 (ALMS1) gene, which codifies for a structural protein of the basal body and centrosomes. The symptomatology involves nystagmus, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), obesity, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), neurodegenerative disorders and multiorgan fibrosis. We refined the clinical and genetic diagnosis data of 12 patients from 11 families, all of them from Spain. We also studied the allelic frequency of the different variants present in this cohort and performed a haplotype analysis for the most prevalent allele. The genetic analysis revealed 2 novel homozygous variants located in the exon 8, p.(Glu929Ter) and p.(His1808GlufsTer20) in 2 unrelated patients. These 2 novel variants were classified as pathogenic after an in silico experiment (computer analysis). On the other hand, 2 alleles were detected at a high frequency in our cohort: p.(Tyr1714Ter) (25%) and p.(Ser3872TyrfsTer19) (16.7%). The segregation analysis showed that the pathogenic variant p.(Tyr1714Ter) in 3 families is linked to a rare missense polymorphism, p.(Asn1787Asp). In conclusion, 2 novel pathological mutations have been discovered in homozygosis, as well as a probable founder effect in 3 unrelated families. [-]

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