Adsorption of tetracycline and sulfadiazine onto three different bioadsorbents in binary competitive systems
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2176
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9717/9/1/28
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2511.04 Química de Suelos ; 3209 Farmacología ; 3308 Ingeniería y Tecnología del Medio Ambiente
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Different antibiotics contained in manure, slurry, wastewater or sewage sludge are spread into the environment. The harmful effects of these antibiotics could be minimized by means of immobilization onto bioadsorbent materials. This work investigates the competitive adsorption/desorption of tetracycline (TC) and sulfadiazine (SDZ) onto pine bark, oak ash and mussel shell. The study was carried out using batch-type experiments in binary systems (with both antibiotics present simultaneously), adding 5 equal concentrations of the antibiotics (between 1 and 50 µmol L−1). The adsorption percentages were higher for TC (close to 100% onto pine bark and oak ash, and between 40 and 85% onto mussel shell) than for SDZ (75–100% onto pine bark, and generally less than 10% on oak ash and mussel shell). Pine bark performed as the best adsorbent since TC adsorption remained close to 100% throughout the entire concentration range tested, while it was between 75 and 100% for SDZ. Desorption was always higher for SDZ than for TC. The results of this study could be useful to design practices to protected environmental compartments receiving discharges that simultaneously contain the two antibiotics here evaluated, and therefore could be relevant in terms of protection of the environment and public health.
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