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Safe on-boat resuscitation by lifeguards in COVID-19 era: a pilot study comparing three sets of personal protective equipment

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Safe on-boat resuscitation by lifeguards in COVID-19 era: a pilot study comparing three sets of personal protective equipment

Barcala Furelos, Roberto Jesus; Abelairas Gómez, Cristian; Alonso Calvete, Alejandra; Cano Noguera, Francisco; Carballo Fazanes, Aida; Martínez Isasi, Santiago; Rodríguez Núñez, Antonio
 
DATE : 2021-01-27
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER : http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2299
UNESCO SUBJECT : 3204.04 Rehabilitación (Médica)
DOCUMENT TYPE : article

ABSTRACT :

Introduction: On-boat resuscitation can be applied by lifeguards in an inflatable rescue boat (IRB). Due to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-COV-2) and recommendations for the use of personal protective equipment (PPE), prehospital care procedures need to be re-evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine how the use of PPE influences the amount of preparation time needed before beginning actual resuscitation and the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; QCPR) on an IRB.
 
Methods: Three CPR tests were performed by 14 lifeguards, in teams of two, wearing different PPE: (1) Basic PPE (B-PPE): gloves, a mask, and protective glasses; (2) Full PPE (F-PPE): B-PPE + a waterproof apron; and (3) Basic PPE + plastic blanket (B+PPE). On-boat resuscitation using a bag-valve-mask (BVM) and high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter was performed sailing at 20km/hour.
 
Results: Using B-PPE takes less time and is significantly faster than F-PPE (B-PPE 17 [SD = 2] seconds versus F-PPE 69 [SD = 17] seconds; P = .001), and the use of B+PPE is slightly higher (B-PPE 17 [SD = 2] seconds versus B+PPE 34 [SD = 6] seconds; P = .002). The QCPR remained similar in all three scenarios (P >.05), reaching values over 79%.
 
Conclusion: The use of PPE during on-board resuscitation is feasible and does not interfere with quality when performed by trained lifeguards. The use of a plastic blanket could be a quick and easy alternative to offer extra protection to lifeguards during CPR on an IRB.

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