A new methodology for determining the temperature of maximum density against pressure. Application to 2-propanol and ethanol aqueous solutions
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2628
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378381221002545
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Aqueous solutions of 2-propanol and ethanol are experimentally studied in order to obtain the location of the maximum of density versus temperature at high pressure. To this aim, a new technique based on measuring the pressure against temperature for several quasi-isochores was developed. These data are combined with isothermal compressibility, experimentally obtained from high pressure density data, to determine the isobaric thermal expansivity in the quasi-isochores. The temperature of maximum den- sity is obtained by detecting the temperature for which this magnitude becomes zero. These results are compared with those obtained using highly precise densitometry at atmospheric pressure and also with literature data. The differences between the temperature of maximum density for solutions and that of water are positive for very diluted solutions, but they become negative as concentration is raised, which constitutes a quite unusual behavior as compared with other systems. As pressure is raised, this anoma- lous behavior becomes much more pronounced with positive deviations that exceed 1.5 K at the highest pressures. The underlying microscopic picture that could explain the observed behavior is suggested.
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