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dc.contributor.authorSurra, Elena
dc.contributor.authorCorreia, Manuela
dc.contributor.authorFigueiredo, Sónia
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Jaime Gabriel
dc.contributor.authorVieira, Joana
dc.contributor.authorJorge, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorPazos Currás, Marta María 
dc.contributor.authorSanromán Braga, María Ángeles 
dc.contributor.authorLapa, Nuno
dc.contributor.authorDelerue Matos, Cristina
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-01T11:57:47Z
dc.date.available2021-12-01T11:57:47Z
dc.date.issued2021-03-25
dc.identifier.citationSustainability, 13(7): 3669 (2021)spa
dc.identifier.issn20711050
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11093/2800
dc.description.abstractSeveral pesticides and pharmaceuticals (PP) have been detected in the effluent of a full-scale Portuguese Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP). Their presence contributed to the environmental burdens associated with the existing treatment of the Municipal Wastewater (MWW) in the impact categories of Human Carcinogenicity, Non-Carcinogenicity, and Freshwater toxicities on average by 85%, 60%, and 90%, respectively (ReciPe2016 and USEtox methods). The environmental and economic assessment of the installation of an Anodic Oxidation (AO) unit for PPs’ removal was performed through Life Cycle and Economic Analysis, considering two types of anodes, the Boron-Doped Diamond (BDD) and the Mixed Metal Oxides (MMO). The operation of the AO unit increased the environmental burdens of the system by 95% on average (USEtox), but these impacts can be partially compensated by the avoided the production of non-renewable energy in the Portuguese electricity mix by biogas cogeneration at the WWTP. If the construction of the AO unit and the manufacturing of the electrodes are considered, the Human and Freshwater Toxicities are often higher than the environmental benefits derived from the PPs’ removal. On the economic side, the MMO configuration is clearly more advantageous, whereas BDD is environmentally more favorable. The issue of the presence of PP in MWW effluents has to be addressed as an integrated solution both improving upstream PP’s management and adopting PP’s removal technologies strongly supported by renewable energies. Further insights are needed for the assessment of fate and of the environmental effects of PP in the sludge.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia | Ref. UIDB / 50006/2020spa
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Commission | Ref. WaterJPI / 0007/2016spa
dc.language.isoengspa
dc.publisherSustainabilityspa
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleLife cycle and economic analyses of the removal of pesticides and pharmaceuticals from municipal wastewater by anodic oxidationen
dc.typearticlespa
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessspa
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/WaterJPI / 0007/2016spa
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su13073669
dc.identifier.editorhttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/7/3669spa
dc.publisher.departamentoEnxeñaría químicaspa
dc.publisher.grupoinvestigacionEnxeñería Química 3spa
dc.subject.unesco3308.10 Tecnología de Aguas Residualesspa
dc.subject.unesco3308 Ingeniería y Tecnología del Medio Ambientespa
dc.subject.unesco3101.09 Plaguicidasspa
dc.date.updated2021-12-01T11:15:29Z
dc.referencesThe authors would like to thank the EU and FCT/UEFISCDI/FORMAS for funding in the frame of the collaborative international consortium REWATER financed under the ERA-NET CofundWaterWorks2015 Call. This ERA-NET is an integral part of the 2016 Joint Activities developed by theWater Challenges for a ChangingWorld Joint Programme Initiative (WaterJPI/0007/2016). The work was also supported through the project UIDB/50006/2020, funded by FCT/MCTES through national funds including the fellowship REQUIMTE 2020-23en


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    Attribution 4.0 International
    Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International