Automatic image characterization of psoriasis lesions
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2836
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-7390/9/22/2974
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3201.06 Dermatología ; 3304 Tecnología de Los Ordenadores ; 1203.20 Sistemas de Control Medico
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that affects 125 million people worldwide and, particularly, 2% of the Spanish population, characterized by the appearance of skin lesions due to a growth of the epidermis that is seven times larger than usual. Its diagnosis and monitoring are based on the use of methodologies for measuring the severity and extent of these spots, and this includes a large subjective component. For this reason, this paper presents an automatic method for characterizing psoriasis images that is divided into four parts: image preparation or pre-processing, feature extraction, classification of the lesions, and the obtaining of parameters. The methodology proposed in this work covers different digital-image processing techniques, namely, marker-based image delimitation, hair removal, nipple detection, lesion contour detection, areal-measurement-based lesion classification, as well as lesion characterization by means of red and white intensity. The results obtained were also endorsed by a professional dermatologist. This methodology provides professionals with a common software tool for monitoring the different existing typologies, which proved satisfactory in the cases analyzed for a set of 20 images corresponding to different types of lesions.
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