Measuring efficiency in the Summer Olympic Games disciplines: the case of the Spanish athletes
IDENTIFICADOR UNIVERSAL: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2975
VERSIÓN EDITADA: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-7390/9/21/2688
TIPO DE DOCUMENTO: article
This paper estimates the technical efficiency of Olympic disciplines in which Spanish athletes participate, taking into account the results obtained in the last three Olympic Games. A stochastic production frontier model (normal-exponential), using two control variables linked to economic factors such as budget and sports scholarships, is estimated in order to obtain different Olympic sports’ efficiencies distinguished by gender, using data from 2005 to 2016. The results detect some differences among the considered disciplines. In all the cases, athletics, canoeing, cycling, swimming, and tennis, depending on the gender, reach better values. This paper’s novelty lies in the efficiency analysis carried out on the Olympic disciplines and athletes of a country and not on the country’s efficiency, which allows managers and stakeholders to decide about investments concerning disciplines and athletes.
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