Canopy detection over roads using mobile lidar data
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1506
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3311.02 Ingeniería de Control
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
A high percentage of forest fires take place around roads. These infrastructures provide an escape route for the population in case of fire. Optimization of forest management in the surroundings of roads is a necessary task in terms of wildfires prevention and mitigation of their effects. Therefore, it is essential to avoid the horizontal continuity of vegetation across roads. A methodology for the measurement of canopy area over roads is developed and based on mobile LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) point clouds. The acquisition of LiDAR data is done by Lynx Mobile Mapper System from the University of Vigo. The methodology is automated using LiDAR data processing (M-estimator Sample Consensus and near neighbour algorithms) and image processing techniques (rasterization and binarization). The developed algorithms are tested on a study area, the DP-3606 road (Spain). Results are compared with ground truth data of the canopy projected on the road. The best obtained results present a mean geometric error of 2.82% for 0.25 m resolution and 104.02% for 2 m resolution. Furthermore, the higher the pixel size, the greater the error was obtained with a linear correlation value of 0.99.
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