Equilibrium study, modeling and optimization of model drug adsorption process by sunflower seed shells
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1819
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/10/9/3271
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The adsorption capacity of the medication methylthioninium chloride (MC) from aqueous solution onto sunflower seed shells (SSS), a low cost and abundant alternative adsorbent, was investigated in a batch system. The surface properties of the adsorbent were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), specific surface area (by using the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller equation), the liquid displacement method and pHPZC. The ability of SSS to remove the medication was assessed through kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium investigations. The adsorption efficiency of the SSS adsorbent for the removal of MC was evaluated considering the effects of its concentration, temperature, adsorption contact time, and the pH of the medium. The results obtained from the kinetic and isotherm studies show that the adsorption of the MC on SSS follows pseudo-second-order kinetics (R² > 0.99) and the Temkin isotherm model (R² = 0.97), respectively. The thermodynamic study showed that the adsorption was endothermic and spontaneous, according to its physisorption mechanism. The mathematical modeling of this process was carried out by using the surface response methodology of Box–Behenken. It was possible to deduce a statistically reliable regression equation that related the adsorption yield to the chosen operating parameters, that is, the initial MC concentration, the adsorbent dosage and the pH. Analysis of the variance indicated that the most influential parameters were the SSS dosage, the pH and their interaction and showed the optimal values for ensuring the best adsorption capacity of 95.58%.
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