Radio channel scattering in a 28 GHz small cell at a bus stop: characterization and modelling
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1846
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-9292/9/10/1556
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3325.05 Radiocomunicaciones ; 3307.12 Transmisores de Radio ; 3307 Tecnología Electrónica
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The 28 GHz band is one of the available bands in Frequency Range 2 (FR2), above 6 GHz, for fifth generation (5G) communications. The propagation characteristics at this frequency band, together with the bandwidth requirements of 5G communications, make it suitable for ultra-dense smart cell networks. In this paper, we investigate the performance of a radio channel in the presence of moving, scattering sources for a small cell at 28 GHz, located at a bus stop. To do so, measurements of the channel complex impulse response with a sweep time delay cross-correlation sounder were made and then used to examine the distribution of multipath components. Besides analyzing the delay spread caused by the channel, we also evaluate the impact on the Doppler spectrum (DS) caused by the vehicles passing near the bus stop. We show that delay components are grouped in clusters exhibiting exponential decay power. We also show that the DS varies with time as vehicles pass by, so the channel cannot be considered stationary. We propose an empirical DS model, where the model parameter should change with time to describe the non-stationary nature of the radio channel. We have also found that the DS with maximum spread is similar for channel contributions in different delay clusters.
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