Effect of four manufacturing techniques (casting, laser directed energy deposition, milling and selective laser melting) on microstructural, mechanical and electrochemical properties of Co-Cr dental alloys, before and after PFM firing process
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1847
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3311.03 Instrumentos Para Odontología ; 2211.01 Aleaciones ; 3312.08 Propiedades de Los Materiales
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The objective of this study was to compare four manufacturing processes of Co-Cr dental alloys: casting (CAST), computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) milling (MILL), selective laser melting (SLM), and laser directed energy deposition (LDED). Comparison included microstructural, mechanical, and electrochemical analyses. Half of the samples obtained were heat treated to simulate the porcelain fused to metal (PFM) firing process, and the metal real state in an oral environment. Co-Cr dental alloys manufactured via casting, LDED, milling, and SLM techniques presented evident differences in their mechanical properties. However, their electrochemical performances were similar, with high resistance to corrosion in artificial saliva, in both aerated and deaerated media (corrosion rate under 4 microns per year). LDED and milling materials showed the highest modulus of toughness, and gave improved results in comparison with CAST and SLM techniques (p < 0.05). The LDED process could be implemented in the manufacturing of the restorative dental industry, with a high overall performance, competing directly with the best quality techniques, and reducing their disadvantages.
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