Enhanced electrokinetic remediation for the removal of heavy metals from contaminated soils
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/1986
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/11/4/1799
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2511 Ciencias del Suelo (Edafología) ; 3306 Ingeniería y Tecnología Eléctricas ; 3308 Ingeniería y Tecnología del Medio Ambiente
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The electrokinetic remediation of an agricultural soil contaminated with heavy metals was studied using organic acids as facilitating agents. The unenhanced electrokinetic treatment using deionized water as processing fluid did not show any significant mobilization and removal of heavy metals due to the low solubilization of metals and precipitation at high pH conditions close to the cathode. EDTA and citric acid 0.1 M were used as facilitating agents to favor the dissolution and transportation of metals. The organic acids were added to the catholyte and penetrated into the soil specimen by electromigration. EDTA formed negatively charged complexes. Citric acid formed neutral metal complexes in the soil pH conditions (pH = 2–4). Citric acid was much more effective in the dissolution and transportation out of the soil specimen of complexed metals. In order to enhance the removal of metals, the concentration of citric acid was increased up to 0.5 M, resulting in the removal of 78.7% of Cd, 78.6% of Co, 72.5% of Cu, 73.3% of Zn, 11.8% of Cr and 9.8% of Pb.
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