Event-based integrated assessment of environmental variables and wildfire severity through Sentinel-2 Data
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2050
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/10/11/1021
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3106 Ciencia Forestal ; 3308 Ingeniería y Tecnología del Medio Ambiente ; 3102 Ingeniería Agrícola
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
To optimize suppression, restoration, and prevention plans against wildfire, postfire assessment is a key input. Since little research has been carried out on applying Sentinel-2 imagery through an integrated approach to evaluate how environmental parameters affect fire severity, this work aims to fill this gap. A set of large forest fires that occurred in northwest Spain during extreme weather conditions were adopted as a case study. Sentinel-2 information was used to build the fire severity map and to evaluate the relation between it and a set of its driving factors: land cover, aspect, slope, proximity to the nearest stream, and fire recurrence. The cover types most affected by fire were scrubland, rocky areas, and Eucalyptus. The presence of streams was identified as a major cause of the reduced severity of fires in broadleaves. The occurrence of fires in the past is linked to the severity of fires, depending on the land cover. This research aims to help fire researchers, authority managers, and policy makers distinguish the conditions under which the damage by fire is minimized and optimize the resources allocated to restoration and future fire suppression.
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