Agglomeration economies: an analysis of the determinants of employment in the cities of Ecuador
IDENTIFICADOR UNIVERSAL: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2054
VERSIÓN EDITADA: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-8994/11/11/1421
MATERIA UNESCO: 53 Ciencias Económicas ; 5309 Organización Industrial y Políticas Gubernamentales ; 5311 Organización y Dirección de Empresas
TIPO DE DOCUMENTO: article
The objective of this investigation is to study the role of agglomeration economies (manufacturing) in urban employment growth, as a proxy for economic growth, between 1980 and 2010 in Ecuador. The three measures of agglomeration-specialization, diversity, and density-are tested to determine their eﬀect on employment growth in industries. The empirical analysis is based on firm- and city-level data from manufacturing activities. A model is proposed to estimate the effect of agglomeration economies on the growth of employment and a regression is conducted using instrumental variables. In particular, the two-stage least squares (2SLS) estimator is used. We conclude that localization economies measured by a specialization index have a positive impact on the growth of employment in the period analyzed. The results are similar to those obtained by other work carried out both in developed and developing countries.
Ficheiros no ítem
- 2019_delriorama_cruz_symmetry_ ...