Recovery and elimination of phenolic pollutants from water using [NTf2] and [Nf2]-based ionic liquids
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2068
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/9/20/4321
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3303 Ingeniería y Tecnología Químicas ; 3308.02 Residuos Industriales ; 3328.17 Extracción Líquido - Líquido
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
At present, pollution is one of the most important problems worldwide. Industrial growth makes it necessary to develop techniques to remove pollutant substances from water, since water is an important natural source for life. One of these techniques is liquid–liquid extraction, which is used to remove phenolic compounds from wastewaters. Volatile organic compounds are used as common extraction solvents in liquid–liquid extractions; nevertheless, some of their properties, such as toxicity and volatility, make it necessary to replace them with other less toxic solvents. In this work, the capability of four ionic liquids, based on bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide [NTf2] and bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide [Nf2] anions and different cations to remove phenolic compounds from water was studied. The phenolic compounds used in this study were phenol, o-cresol, and 2-chlorophenol, and the effects of the extraction solvent and phenol structures were analyzed. For that, a liquid–liquid extraction was carried out, and the extraction yield was determined. In general, high extraction efficiencies were obtained for all studied systems, obtaining the highest extraction efficiencies using the pyrrolidinium cation-based ionic liquids.
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