Multibeam reflectarrays in Ka-band for efficient antenna farms onboard broadband communication satellites
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2085
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/21/1/207
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3325 Tecnología de las Telecomunicaciones ; 3324.01 Satélites Artificiales ; 3307.01 Antenas
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Broadband communication satellites in Ka-band commonly use four reflector antennas to generate a multispot coverage. In this paper, four different multibeam antenna farms are proposed to generate the complete multispot coverage using only two multibeam reflectarrays, making it possible to halve the number of required antennas onboard the satellite. The proposed solutions include flat and curved reflectarrays with single or dual band operation, the operating principles of which have been experimentally validated. The designed multibeam reflectarrays for each antenna farm have been analyzed to evaluate their agreement with the antenna requirements for real satellite scenarios in Ka-band. The results show that the proposed configurations have the potential to reduce the number of antennas and feed-chains onboard the satellite, from four reflectors to two reflectarrays, enabling a significant reduction in cost, mass, and volume of the payload, which provides a considerable benefit for satellite operators.
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