Influence of the perception of barriers in practice of PA in adolescents: explanatory model
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2098
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9032/9/4/380
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2411.06 Fisiología del Ejercicio ; 6102 Psicología del Niño y del Adolescente ; 5404.01 Geografía Urbana
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Background: Sedentarism is an important risk factor for non-communicable diseases. To avoid it, it is necessary to establish the barriers which influence a low level of practice of Physical Activity. Methods: This study, conducted with 833 students, aims to describe a model to explain the barriers determining the level of practice of Physical Activity in adolescents according to age, school year, BMI and gender. The inclusion of the analyzed barriers followed the tetra-factorial model: Body image/physical and social anxiety; Tiredness/laziness; Responsibilities/lack of time and Environment/facilities. Results: The barriers to Physical Activity in adolescents are fatigue and sloth, and temporary obligations. The barrier that least influences the practice of Physical Activity is the environment and body image. It is determined that the subjects with the lowest Physical Activity index were those with a high fatigue and laziness score and higher age. The level of physical activity of this population is medium (95% CI, 2.8274–2.9418). Conclusions: It is necessary to overcome tiredness or apathy towards the practice of Physical Activity, especially in those under 16 years of age.
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