New green tax reforms: ex-ante assessments for Spain
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2121
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/20/5640
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2502.9 Cambio climático ; 5301 Política Fiscal y Hacienda Publica Nacionales ; 5312 Economía Sectorial ; 5312.05 Energía
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The great recession brought an increased need for public revenues and generated distributive concerns across many countries. This has led to a new generation of green tax reforms characterized by the use of markedly heterogeneous proposals that, overall, share a more flexible use of tax receipts adapted to the new economic environment. This article explores the possibilities of implementing this new generation of green tax reforms in Spain. It analyzes the impact of such reforms on energy demand, emissions, public revenues and income distribution from taxing various energy-related environmental damages and by considering two alternative uses for the tax receipts: fiscal consolidation and funding the costs of renewable-energy support schemes.
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