By-products of agri-food industry as tannin-rich sources: a review of tannins’ biological activities and their potential for valorization
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2173
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2304-8158/10/1/137
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3206 Ciencias de la Nutrición ; 3309.20 Propiedades de Los Alimentos ; 2302 Bioquímica
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
During recent decades, consumers have been continuously moving towards the substitution of synthetic ingredients of the food industry by natural products, obtained from vegetal, animal or microbial sources. Additionally, a circular economy has been proposed as the most efficient production system since it allows for reducing and reutilizing different wastes. Current agriculture is responsible for producing high quantities of organic agricultural waste (e.g., discarded fruits and vegetables, peels, leaves, seeds or forestall residues), that usually ends up underutilized and accumulated, causing environmental problems. Interestingly, these agri-food by-products are potential sources of valuable bioactive molecules such as tannins. Tannins are phenolic compounds, secondary metabolites of plants widespread in terrestrial and aquatic natural environments. As they can be found in plenty of plants and herbs, they have been traditionally used for medicinal and other purposes, such as the leather industry. This fact is explained by the fact that they exert plenty of different biological activities and, thus, they entail a great potential to be used in the food, nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industry. Consequently, this review article is directed towards the description of the biological activities exerted by tannins as they could be further extracted from by-products of the agri-food industry to produce high-added-value products.
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