Analysis of district heating and cooling energy systems in Spain: resources, technology and management
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2181
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/10/5442
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3322.05 Fuentes no Convencionales de Energía ; 3322.02 Generación de Energía
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
District heating and cooling (DHC) systems play an important role under the new European Union (EU) energy transition strategy. Thermal energy networks are helping to stimulate the development of alternative technologies based on a broad range of renewable energy sources. The present study analysed the current situation of DHC systems in Spain and provides an overview of the challenges and future opportunities that their use will entail. Its objective is to assess thermal energy conversion and management from a holistic perspective, including a study of existing energy infrastructures. The focus of this study lies on Spain given the country’s abundance of natural resources such as renewable energy sources including solar energy, biomass and geothermal energy, among others, as well as its strategic location on the map of the EU. Based on the analysis of the three factors for energy conversion in a district heating system, namely resources, technology, and management, the methodology provided an assessment of the different factors involved in running a DHC system. The results show an estimated total production for DHC networks of 1448 MWth, of which 72% is supplied purely by renewable energy sources.
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