Validity and reliability of a tool for accelerometric assessment of balance in scholar children
IDENTIFICADOR UNIVERSAL: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2221
VERSIÓN EDITADA: https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/1/137
MATERIA UNESCO: 2411.01 Fisiología del Equilibrio ; 2406.04 Biomecánica ; 6102 Psicología del Niño y del Adolescente
TIPO DE DOCUMENTO: article
In Pediatrics, balance is assessed through low-sensitivity clinical tests which identify developmental alterations at already advanced stages that cannot be detected at earlier stages. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an easily applicable quantitative tool that can be used to evaluate postural control. Consequently, a cross-sectional study was carried out with 91 healthy children. All of them performed a series of six accelerometric functional tests and four clinical tests of balance (Modified Flamingo Test, Bar Test, Babinski–Weil Test, and Fukuda Stepping Test). The Bar Test obtained mild inverse correlations with accelerations produced in the mediolateral axis and the root mean square of all the tests in monopodal support. The Flamingo Test obtained direct correlations with the root mean square of the tests in monopodal support and with the mediolateral axis of the monopodal tests and gait. The pediatric balance assessment scale consists of three factors and eleven items extracted from five accelerometric functional tests: the monopodal balance test with six items, normal gait test with three items, and bipodal balance test with two items. This tool is easy to apply and allows analysis in the evaluation of the balance state based on the accelerations of the center of mass.
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