Current advances and trends in electro-Fenton process using heterogeneous catalysts – A review
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2323
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0045653518304065
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3303 Ingeniería y Tecnología Químicas ; 3308 Ingeniería y Tecnología del Medio Ambiente
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Over the last decades, advanced oxidation processes have often been used alone, or combined with other techniques, for remediation of ground and surface water pollutants. The application of heterogeneous catalysis to electrochemical advanced oxidation processes is especially useful due to its efficiency and environmental safety. Among those processes, electro-Fenton stands out as the one in which heterogeneous catalysis has been broadly applied. Thus, this review has introduced an up-to-date collation of the current knowledge of the heterogeneous electro-Fenton process, highlighting recent advances in the use of different catalysts such as iron minerals (pyrite, magnetite or goethite), prepared catalysts by the load of metals in inorganic and organic materials, nanoparticles, and the inclusion of catalysts on the cathode. The effects of physical-chemical parameters as well as the mechanisms involved are critically assessed. Finally, although the utilization of this process to remediation of wastewater overwhelmingly outnumber other utilities, several applications have been described in the context of regeneration of adsorbent or the remediation of soils as clear examples of the feasibility of the electro-Fenton process to solve different environmental problems.
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