Central administration of endocannabinoids exerts bimodal effects in food intake of rainbow trout
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2325
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018506X21001008
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2401.13 Fisiología Animal ; 3105 Peces y Fauna Silvestre ; 3105.07 Hábitos de Alimentación
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The endocannabinoid system (ECs) is known to participate in several processes in mammals related to synaptic signaling including regulation of food intake, appetite and energy balance. In fish, the relationship of ECs with food intake regulation is poorly understood. In the present study, we assessed in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss the effect of intracerebroventricular administration (ICV) of low and high doses of the endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) on food intake. We assessed endocannabinoid levels in hypothalamus, telencephalon and plasma as well as the effect of AEA and 2-AG administration at central level on gene expression of receptors involved in ECs (cnr1, gpr55 and trpv1) and markers of neural activity (fos, ntrk2 and GABA-related genes). The results obtained indicate that whereas high doses of endocannabinoids did not elicit changes in food intake levels, low doses of the endocannabinoids produce an orexigenic effect that could be due to a possible inhibition of gabaergic neurotransmission and the modulation of neural plasticity in brain areas related to appetite control, such as hypothalamus and telencephalon.
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