An RNA-seq based machine learning approach identifies latent tuberculosis patients with an active tuberculosis profile
Estévez Martínez, Olivia; Anibarro García, Luis; Garet, Elina; Pallares, Ángeles; Barcia, Laura; Calviño, Laura; Maueia, Cremildo; Mussá, Tufária; Fernández Riverola, Florentino; González Peña, Daniel; Reboiro Jato, Miguel; López Fernández, Hugo; Fonseca, Nuno A.; Reljic, Rajko; González Fernández, Maria Africa
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2331
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3205.08 Enfermedades Pulmonares ; 3205.05 Enfermedades Infecciosas ; 2412 Inmunología
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
A better understanding of the response against Tuberculosis (TB) infection is required to accurately identify the individuals with an active or a latent TB infection (LTBI) and also those LTBI patients at higher risk of developing active TB. In this work, we have used the information obtained from studying the gene expression profile of active TB patients and their infected –LTBI- or uninfected –NoTBI- contacts, recruited in Spain and Mozambique, to build a class-prediction model that identifies individuals with a TB infection profile. Following this approach, we have identified several genes and metabolic pathways that provide important information of the immune mechanisms triggered against TB infection. As a novelty of our work, a combination of this class-prediction model and the direct measurement of different immunological parameters, was used to identify a subset of LTBI contacts (called TB-like) whose transcriptional and immunological profiles are suggestive of infection with a higher probability of developing active TB. Validation of this novel approach to identifying LTBI individuals with the highest risk of active TB disease merits further longitudinal studies on larger cohorts in TB endemic areas.
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