Valorization of artichoke industrial by-products using green extraction technologies: formulation of hydrogels in combination with Paulownia extracts
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2371
EDITED VERSION: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26144386
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3303.03 Procesos Químicos
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The integral valorization of artichoke bracts generated during industrial canning of artichoke was assessed. The extraction of bioactive compounds was addressed with pressurized hot water under subcritical conditions. The performance of this stage on the extraction of phenolics with antioxidant properties and the saccharidic fraction using conventional and microwave heating was compared. The microwave assisted process was more efficient than the conventional one regarding extraction yields of total solubles, and glucose and fructose oligomers and phenolics, because lower operational temperatures and shorter times were needed. Degradation of fructose oligomers was observed at temperatures higher than 160 °C, whereas the maximal phenolic content occurred at 220 °C. Both the extracts and the residual solids, obtained at conditions leading to maximum phenolics yields, were evaluated for the production of starch-based hydrogels, supplemented with Paulownia leaves’ aqueous extracts.
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