In-situ laser directed energy deposition of biomedical Ti-Nb and Ti-Zr-Nb alloys from elemental powders
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2412
EDITED VERSION: https://doi.org/10.3390/met11081205
UNESCO SUBJECT: 22 Física ; 2211.01 Aleaciones ; 3312.08 Propiedades de Los Materiales ; 3312.09 Resistencia de Materiales
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
In order to achieve the required properties of titanium implants, more resources and research are needed to turn into reality the dream of developing the perfect implant material. The objective of this study was to evaluate the viability of the Laser Directed Energy Deposition to produce biomedical Ti-Nb and Ti-Zr-Nb alloys from elemental powders (Ti, Nb and Zr). The Laser Directed Energy Deposition is an additive manufacturing process used to build a component by delivering energy and material simultaneously. The material is supplied in the form of particles or wire and a laser beam is employed to melt material that is selectively deposited on a specified surface, where it solidifies. Samples with different compositions are characterized to analyze their morphology, microstructure, constituent phases, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and cytocompatibility. Laser-deposited Ti-Nb and Ti-Zr-Nb alloys show no relevant defects, such as pores or cracks. Titanium alloys with lower elastic modulus and a significantly higher hardness than Ti grade 2 were generated, therefore a better wear resistance could be expected from them. Moreover, their corrosion resistance is excellent due to the formation of a stable passive protective oxide film on the surface of the material; in addition, they also possess outstanding cytocompatibility.
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