Natural antioxidants from endemic leaves in the elaboration of processed meat products: current status
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2484
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3921/10/9/1396
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3309.13 Conservación de Alimentos ; 3309.21 Alimentos Proteínicos ; 3309.14 Elaboración de Alimentos
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
During the last few years, consumers’ demand for animal protein and healthier meat products has increased considerably. This has motivated researchers of the meat industry to create products that present healthier components while maintaining their safety, sensory characteristics, and shelf life. Concerning this, natural plant extracts have gained prominence because they can act as antioxidants and antimicrobials, increasing the stability and shelf life of processed meat products. It has been observed that the leaves of plant species (Moringa oleifera, Bidens pilosa, Eugenia uniflora, Olea europea, Prunus cerasus, Ribes nigrum, etc.) have a higher concentration and variety of polyphenols than other parts of the plants, such as fruits and stems. In Chile, there are two native berries, maqui (Aristotelia chilensis) and murtilla (Ugni molinae Turcz), that that stand out for their high concentrations of polyphenols. Recently, their polyphenols have been characterized, demonstrating their potential antioxidant and antimicrobial action and their bioactive action at cellular level. However, to date, there is little information on their use in the elaboration of meat products. Therefore, the objective of this review is to compile the most current data on the use of polyphenols from leaves of native plants in the elaboration of meat products and their effect on the oxidation, stability, and organoleptic characteristics during the shelf life of these products.
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