Current breakthroughs in the hardwood biorefineries: Hydrothermal processing for the co-production of xylooligosaccharides and bioethanol
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2594
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960852421014425
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3303.03 Procesos Químicos ; 3303 Ingeniería y Tecnología Químicas ; 3302.90 Ingeniería Bioquímica
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The development of lignocellulosic biorefineries requires a first stage of pretreatment which enables the efficient valorization of all fractions present in this renewable material. In this sense, this review aims to show the main advantages of hydrothermal treatment as a first step of a biorefinery infrastructure using hardwood as raw material, as well as, main drawback to overcome. Hydrothermal treatment of hardwood highlights for its high selectivity for hemicelluloses solubilization as xylooligosaccharides (XOS). Nevertheless, the suitable conditions for XOS production are inadequate to achieve an elevate cellulose to glucose conversion. Hence, several strategies namely the combination of hydrothermal treatment with delignification process, in situ modification of lignin and the mixture with another renewable resources (concretely, seaweeds, and by-products generated in the food industry with high sugar content) were pinpointed as promising alternative to increase the final ethanol concentration coupled with XOS recovery in the hydrolysate.
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