Palynological and sedimentological implications of the sauropterygian Upper Triassic site of El Atance (Central Iberian Peninsula)
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2794
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2416 Paleontología ; 2416.04 Paleontología de las Plantas
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
This study presents new palynological and sedimentological data concerning the Upper Triassic outcrop El Atance (Guadalajara province, Spain). This fossil site has provided a unique and unprecedented concentration of reptile skeletons from the Late Triassic in the Iberian Peninsula, which are almost complete, articulated and preserved in three dimensions. It is the type locality of the simosaurid nothosauroid Paludidraco multidentatus and the henodontid placodont Parahenodus atancensis, being the only species of these clades represented with some certainty in the Iberian record. Although these reptiles are often linked to shallow marine environments, little is known about the sedimentary environment where they became fossilized. Furthermore, to compare these remains with those from other areas of Europe, greater precision in their age assignment is necessary.The new palynological data provided in this study allows us to assign a precise age, in addition to other data such as a probable plant community, palaeoecology, and palaeoclimatic conditions. This information together with the geological and sedimentological data and the new isolated sauropterygian remains studied, allow a better understanding of the local palaeogeography and the evolutionary history of the vertebrates found in the El Atance fossil site.