The perspective of Croatian old apple cultivars in extensive farming for the production of functional foods
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2827
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2304-8158/10/4/708
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3107.04 Fruticultura ; 3103 Agronomía ; 3309 Tecnología de Los Alimentos
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The Republic of Croatia has a long tradition of fruit growing due to its geographical location, climatic conditions, and high quality of fruit crops, especially apple fruits. Apples can be used for the formulation of functional foods either in processed form (e.g., juice), or as a by-product (e.g., apple pomace). However, there is a growing demand for functional foods derived from ancient and traditional plant sources as they are recognized as a very valuable source of health-promoting bioactive ingredients. Similarly, old apple cultivars (Malus domestica Borkh.) are characterized by good morphological and pomological properties, less need for chemicals during cultivation and the higher share of biologically active compounds (BACs) with better sensory acceptability compared to commercial cultivars. However, their nutritional and biological potential is underestimated, as is their ability to be processed into functional food. The importance in preserving old apple cultivars can also be seen in their significance for improving the nutritional composition of other apple cultivars through innovative cultivation strategies, and therefore old local apple cultivars could be of great importance in future breeding programs.
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