Quality characteristics of semi-moist apricot-cornflakes: effect of different composite coating application and storage time
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/2986
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6412/11/5/516
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3309.07 Productos de Cereales ; 3309.14 Elaboración de Alimentos ; 3309.13 Conservación de Alimentos
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The effect of different composite coatings on quality of semi-moist apricot cubes mixed with cornflakes was investigated during 180 days of storage. The apricot cubes were osmotically dehydrated (OD) and coated before hot-air drying (HAD) at 60 °C. Chitosan-bees wax (CBW) and whey protein isolate-bees wax-oleic acid (WPI-BW-OA) coatings were applied after HAD and the samples were added to cornflakes. Application of OD and pectin-ascorbic acid (Pec-AA) coating (prior to HAD) and WPI-BW-OA coating (after HAD) led to significant retention of total phenol compounds, β-carotene and antioxidant activity in apricot cubes compared to uncoated and CBW-coated samples. WPI-BW-OA-coated samples gave significantly higher L* values (lighter color) and b* values (more creamy or yellowish color) and lower a* values (less reddish color) and browning values than control followed by CBW-coated apricots at any time of storage (p < 0.05). The rate of apricot moisture loss and cornflakes moisture gain was higher in uncoated apricot cubes, followed by CBW- and WPI-BW-OA-coated samples. Application of WPI-BW-OA coating was effective in retaining the crispness measured by lower firmness (Fmax) values in cornflakes upon storage. Based on the obtained results, WPI-BW-OA coating allowed effectively preserving the quality characteristics of semi-moist apricot cubes and cornflakes components in the mixed state.
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