Elite triathlete profiles in draft-legal triathlons as a basis for talent identification
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3017
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/2/881
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2411.06 Fisiología del Ejercicio ; 2406.04 Biomecánica ; 6109.07 Evaluación del Rendimiento
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Draft-legal triathlons are the main short-distance races worldwide and are those on which talent-identification programs are usually focused. Performance in these races depends on multiple factors; however, many investigations do not focus on elite triathletes. Therefore, the aim of this narrative review was to carry out a systematic literature search to define the elite female and male triathlete profiles and their competition demands in draft-legal triathlons. This will allow us to summarize the main determinant factors of high-level triathletes as a basis for talent detection. A comprehensive review of Web of Science and Scopus was performed using the search strategy: Triathl* and (performance or competition or profile) and (elite or professional or “high performance” or “high level” or talent). A total of 1325 research documents were obtained, and after screening following the criteria, only 83 articles were selected. After data synthesis, elite triathlete aspects such as age, physiological, anthropometric, and psychosocial profile or competition demands were studied in the scientific literature. Thus, it is essential that when implementing talent identification programs, these factors must be considered. However, constant updating is needed due the continuous regulatory changes and the need of triathletes to adapt to these new competition demands.
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