Optimisation of thermal comfort and indoor air quality estimations applied to in-use buildings combining NSGA-III and XGBoost
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3094
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2210670722000531
UNESCO SUBJECT: 1299 Otras Especialidades Matemáticas
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Indoor environmental quality (IEQ) monitoring of in-use buildings has become essential in recent years due to the COVID-19 pandemic, as it significantly affects the well-being, health and productivity of building users. Nevertheless, knowing in real time the environmental conditions in large multi-zone areas is a difficult issue. Thus, the use of machine learning techniques to estimate indoor conditions has increased considerably. The aim of this paper is to present an interpolation model, based on an optimised extreme gradient boosting algorithm, to estimate every minute the indoor temperature, relative humidity and CO concentration inside buildings. These estimations are obtained without requiring permanent monitoring in the occupied zone. The optimisation, focused on finding the minimum number of monitoring devices needed to provide accurate interpolations, is performed using the multi-objective genetic algorithm NSGA-III. This methodology was applied in a research centre in the north-western Spain. The results show that the optimised or reduced model is capable of estimating indoor temperatures and relative humidity with relative errors below 6% and CO2 levels below 10%.
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