Tracking the transition from pericyclic to pseudopericyclic reaction mechanisms using multicenter electron delocalization analysis: the [1,3] sigmatropic rearrangement
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3109
EDITED VERSION: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpca.1c06620
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2307 Química Física
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Herein, the power of multicenter electron delocalization analysis to elucidate the intricacies of concerted reaction mechanisms is brought to light by tracking the transition of [1,3] sigmatropic rearrangements from the high-barrier pericyclic mechanism in 1-butene to the barrierless pseudopericyclic mechanism in 1,2-diamino-1-nitrosooxyethane. This transition has been progressively achieved by substituting the migrating group, changing the donor and acceptor atoms, and functionalizing the alkene unit with weak and strong electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups. Fourteen [1,3] sigmatropic reactions with electronic energy barriers ranging from 1 to 89 kcal/mol have been investigated. A very good correlation has been found between the barrier and the four-center electron delocalization at the transition state, the latter calculated for the atoms involved in the four-centered ring adduct formed along the reaction path. Surprisingly, the barrier has been found to be independent of the bond strength between the migrating group and the donor atom so that only the changes induced in the multicenter bonding control the kinetics of the reaction. Additional insights into the effect of atom substitution and group functionalization have also been extracted from the analysis of the multicenter electron delocalization profiles along the reaction path and qualitatively supported by the topological analysis of the electron density.
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