Time-course evolution of bacterial community tolerance to tetracycline antibiotics in agricultural soils: a laboratory experiment
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3150
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2511 Ciencias del Suelo (Edafología) ; 2511.01 Bioquímica de Suelos ; 3108.01 Bacterias
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The presence of antibiotics in soils may increase the selection pressure on soil bacterial communities and cause tolerance to these pollutants. The temporal evolution of bacterial community tolerance to different concentrations of tetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and chlortetracycline (CTC) was evaluated in two soils. The results showed an increase of soil bacterial community tolerance to TC, CTC and OTC only in samples polluted with the highest antibiotic concentrations tested (2000 mg kg−1). The magnitude of those increases was higher in the soil with the lower organic carbon content (1.6%) than in the soil with an organic carbon content reaching 3.4%. In the soil with low organic carbon content, the time-course evolution showed a maximum increase in the tolerance of bacterial communities to tetracycline antibiotics between 45 and 100 incubation days, while for longer incubation times (360 days) the tolerance decreased. In the soil with high organic carbon content, a similar behavior was found for OTC. However, for CTC and TC, slightly increases and decreases (respectively) were found in the bacterial community tolerance at intermediate incubation times, followed by values close to zero for TC after 360 days of incubation, while for CTC they remained higher than in the control. In conclusion, soil pollution due to tetracyclines may cause bacterial community tolerance to these antibiotics when present at high concentrations. In addition, the risk is higher in soils with low organic matter content, and it decreases with time.
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