Methodological approaches for monitoring five major food safety hazards affecting food production in the Galicia–Northern Portugal Euroregion
IDENTIFICADOR UNIVERSAL: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3261
VERSIÓN EDITADA: https://www.mdpi.com/2304-8158/11/1/84
MATERIA UNESCO: 2210 Química Física ; 3309 Tecnología de Los Alimentos ; 3206.11 Toxicidad de Los Alimentos
TIPO DE DOCUMENTO: article
The agri-food industry has historically determined the socioeconomic characteristics of Galicia and Northern Portugal, and it was recently identified as an area for collaboration in the Euroregion. In particular, there is a need for action to help to ensure the provision of safe and healthy foods by taking advantage of key enabling technologies. The goals of the FOODSENS project are aligned with this major objective, specifically with the development of biosensors able to monitor hazards relevant to the safety of food produced in the Euroregion. The present review addresses the state of the art of analytical methodologies and techniques—whether commercially available or in various stages of development—for monitoring food hazards, such as harmful algal blooms, mycotoxins, Listeria monocytogenes, allergens, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. We discuss the pros and cons of these methodologies and techniques and address lines of research for point-of-care detection. Accordingly, the development of miniaturized automated monitoring strategies is considered a priority in terms of health and economic interest, with a significant impact in several areas, such as food safety, water quality, pollution control, and public health. Finally, we present potential market opportunities that could result from the availability of rapid and reliable commercial methodologies.
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