Application of the INFOGEST standardized method to assess the digestive stability and bioaccessibility of phenolic compounds from Galician extra-virgin olive oil
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3276
EDITED VERSION: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c04592
UNESCO SUBJECT: 2301.03 Análisis Cromatográfico ; 3309.28 Aceites y Grasas Vegetales ; 3205.03 Gastroenterología
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
The INFOGEST standardized method was applied to assess the potential bioaccessibility and bioaccessibility of the phenolic compounds from a Galician extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO). The in vitro digestion model involves three steps and generates two fractions after each one: an aqueous fraction (namely, water phase (Wp)) and an oily fraction (namely, oily phase (Op)). The results showed that secoiridoids were the most abundant family in the Galician EVOO polar fraction, representing 98% of the total phenolic compounds. After oral digestion, phenolic acids and simple phenols were mainly detected in Wp, while lignans and flavonoids were mostly found in Op. After gastric digestion, extensive hydrolysis of secoiridoids was observed to generate free tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, and hydroxytyrosol acetate. The instability of secoiridoids after intestinal digestion was again responsible for the release of simple phenols, which were mainly recovered in Wp together with flavonoids. In contrast, lignans were stable to duodenal conditions and remained in Op.
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