Palladium-catalyzed aminocyclization-coupling cascades: preparation of dehydrotryptophan derivatives and computational study
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3303
EDITED VERSION: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.joc.1c00636
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Dehydrotryptophan derivatives have been prepared by palladium-catalyzed aminocyclization-Heck-type coupling cas- cades starting from o-alkynylaniline derivatives and methyl α- aminoacrylate. Aryl, alkyl (primary, secondary, and tertiary), and alkenyl substituents have been introduced at the indole C-2 position. Further variations at the indole benzene ring, as well as the C-2-unsubstituted case, have all been demonstrated. In the case of C-2 aryl substitution, the preparation of the o-alkynylaniline substrate by Sonogashira coupling and the subsequent cyclization− coupling cascade have been performed in a one-pot protocol with a single catalyst. DFT calculations have revealed significant differ- ences in the reaction profiles of these reactions relative to those involving methyl acrylate or methacrylate, and between the reactions of the free anilines and their corresponding carbamates. Those calculations suggest that the nature of the alkene and of the acid HX released in the HX/alkene exchange step that precedes C−C bond formation could be responsible for the experimentally observed differences in reaction efficiencies.
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