Late Quaternary sedimentary evolution of the distal Galician continental margin (north‐west Iberian Peninsula) based on palaeoclimatic, palaeoproductivity and diagenetic evidence
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3320
EDITED VERSION: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sed.12914
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Deep-sea sediments record palaeoenvironmental and oceanographic changes over time through variations in their magnetochemical and sedimentological properties. This study presents the Late Quaternary sedimentary reconstruction of three sediment cores extracted from a source-to-sink sedimentary system located in a high marginal platform of the north-west Iberian Margin. The aim of this reconstruction is to explore the palaeoclimatic, palaeoproductivity and diagenetic changes over the last 172 cal ka bp attending to geochemical, magnetic and sedimentological variations. The record is comprised of four sedimentary units consisting of pelagic, hemipelagic and detrital facies, the latter associated with ice-rafted debris events at Heinrich Stadials. These findings allowed the reconstruction of the lithostratigraphy attending to climatic changes, covering the last eleven Heinrich Stadials. These units and facies successions are controlled by the superposition of the Milankovitch and Dansgaard–Oeschger cycles. Low sedimentation rates have been reported, especially during cold periods. Palaeoproductivity was assessed using total organic carbon and calcium carbonate content, together with biogenic barium (Babio) and organic phosphorus (Porg), both calculated via total digestion analysis using standard calculations. Mass accumulation rates for total organic carbon, Babio and Porg were calculated. Furthermore, a sequential extraction was performed to explore the different phases of the barium within sediments: biogenic barite (Babar), barium associated with iron and manganese oxides (Baox) and Ba associated with aluminosilicates (Badet). Results display a limitation in the use of the biogenic barium and phosphorus and mass accumulation rates, suggesting detrital Ba (Badetr) contribution during Heinrich Stadials, which could mask the calculations. In contrast, only calcium carbonate fluctuates attending to glacial/interglacial cycles. Regarding some diagenetic proxies (i.e. Mn, Mn/Fe and Mn/Ti), they reveal oxidation fronts of different generations, suggesting that the early diagenesis has not reached steady-state, because the redoxcline fluctuates. This fact suggests an erosional activity that causes the continuous oxygenation of the sediment and non-steady-state conditions.
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