The role of surfactant structure on the development of a sustainable and effective cutting fluid for machining titanium alloys
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3377
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4701/10/10/1388
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3310 Tecnología Industrial ; 3315 Tecnología Metalúrgica ; 3313 Tecnología E Ingeniería Mecánicas
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
In cutting operations of titanium alloys, most of the problems are related to the high consumption of cutting tools due to excessive wear. An improvement of metalworking fluid (MWF) technology would increase the productivity, sustainability, and quality of machining processes by lubricating and cooling. In this research article, the authors varied the surfactant’s charge, the hydrocarbon chain length, and the ethoxylation degree. Surfactants were dispersed at 1.2 mM in water and trimethylolpropane oleate to produce water-based MWF. Infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy and total organic carbon analysis were used to study the influence of surfactant structure on the film forming ability of the emulsion and performance was studied on Ti6Al4V using tapping torque test. The results showed that by changing the molecular structure of the surfactant, it is possible to vary the affinity between the ester and the substrate and reach an optimal combination, which improves the formation of a tribofilm. The mixture with anionic surfactants has good tribology performance, while non-ionic surfactants shorten the tool’s life. Moreover, the increase in the hydrocarbon chain length and the number of ethoxylations of surfactants promotes the adhesion of ester onto the metal surface, improving the lubricity properties of environmentally friendly MWF.
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