Automatic detection of surface damage in round brick chimneys by finite plane modelling from terrestrial laser scanning point clouds. Case study of Bragança Dukes’ Palace, Guimarães, Portugal
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3385
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3305 Tecnología de la Construcción
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Chimneys are architectural elements of difficult access and analysis in heritage buildings. This paper presents a method for automatic modelling of round brick chimneys and analysing their inclination, straightness and surface. The method uses as input data point clouds acquired with a Terrestrial Laser Scanner. Four chimneys have been surveyed on the north face of Bragança Dukes’ Palace in Guimarães, Portugal. The method consists of two main processes. First, the point cloud of each chimney is segmented into circumferential sections and adjusted to cylinders by applying Maximum Likelihood Sample Consensus. From the set of centroids, the inclination and the straightness of the chimney is estimated. Second, the point cloud chimney is segmented longitudinally and adjusted to finite planes. The distance estimation between the input point cloud and the modelled planes allows detecting the lack of bricks or mortar erosions. The proposed method allows estimating characteristics in chimneys even if the chimneys have not been completely acquired.
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