Inhalable spray-dried chondroitin sulphate microparticles: effect of different solvents on particle properties and drug activity
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3564
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/12/2/425
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3209 Farmacología ; 3303.03 Procesos Químicos ; 3303 Ingeniería y Tecnología Químicas
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Spray-drying stands as one of the most used techniques to produce inhalable microparticles, but several parameters from both the process and the used materials affect the properties of the resulting microparticles. In this work, we describe the production of drug-loaded chondroitin sulphate microparticles by spray-drying, testing the effect of using different solvents during the process. Full characterisation of the polymer and of the aerodynamic properties of the obtained microparticles are provided envisaging an application in inhalable tuberculosis therapy. The spray-dried microparticles successfully associated two first-line antitubercular drugs (isoniazid and rifabutin) with satisfactory production yield (up to 85%) and drug association efficiency (60%–95%). Ethanol and HCl were tested as co-solvents to aid the solubilisation of rifabutin and microparticles produced with the former generally revealed the best features, presenting a better ability to sustainably release rifabutin. Moreover, these presented aerodynamic properties compatible with deep lung deposition, with an aerodynamic diameter around 4 μm and fine particle fraction of approximately 44%. Finally, it was further demonstrated that the antitubercular activity of the drugs remained unchanged after encapsulation independently of the used solvent.
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