Characterization of defects in plates by two-dimensional ultrasonic displacement maps : comparison between pulsed TV-holography measurements and finite element method predictions
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/362
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3311.11 Instrumentos Opticos ; 2209.07 Holografía ; 2201.09 Ultrasonidos
DOCUMENT TYPE: conferenceObject
Pulsed TV-holography (PTVH) can be used for obtaining two-dimensional maps of instantaneous out-of-plane displacements in plates. In particular, scattering patterns generated by the interaction of elastic waves with defects can be measured with PTVH and employed for non-destructive inspection and damage detection in plate structures. For quantitative characterization of damage (position, dimensions, orientation, etc.) on this basis, modeling of elastic wave scattering is usually performed in terms of full-vector three-dimensional formulations based on elasticity theory. In this work, a finite element method (FEM) applied to a two-dimensional scalar model based on Helmholtz equation is employed for obtaining a quantitative description of the scattering patterns, avoiding the aforementioned more complex and rigorous standard approach. Simulated scattering patterns are obtained with the scalar FEM assuming harmonic regime and free-stress boundary conditions. The corresponding experimental interaction of narrowband Rayleigh-Lamb waves with artificial defects in plates are measured using our specifically developed PTVH system. In our case, the raw optical phase-difference values are processed by employing a specially developed procedure, based on a two step spatial Fourier transform method, to derive a high quality two-dimensional acoustic field map from which an important part of the noise component has been filtered out. A comparison between filtered experimental maps and FEM simulated maps is developed, considering defects with different sizes in relation to the acoustic wavelength.
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