LDA filter: A Latent Dirichlet Allocation preprocess method for Weka
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3685
EDITED VERSION: https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241701
UNESCO SUBJECT: 1203.04 Inteligencia Artificial
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
This work presents an alternative method to represent documents based on LDA (Latent Dirichlet Allocation) and how it affects to classification algorithms, in comparison to common text representation. LDA assumes that each document deals with a set of predefined topics, which are distributions over an entire vocabulary. Our main objective is to use the probability of a document belonging to each topic to implement a new text representation model. This proposed technique is deployed as an extension of the Weka software as a new filter. To demonstrate its performance, the created filter is tested with different classifiers such as a Support Vector Machine (SVM), k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN), and Naive Bayes in different documental corpora (OHSUMED, Reuters-21578, 20Newsgroup, Yahoo! Answers, YELP Polarity, and TREC Genomics 2015). Then, it is compared with the Bag of Words (BoW) representation technique. Results suggest that the application of our proposed filter achieves similar accuracy as BoW but greatly improves classification processing times.
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