Experimental study on the manufacturing of steel inclined walls by directed energy deposition based on dimensional and 3D surface roughness measurements
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3727
EDITED VERSION: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/15/14/4994
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3313.17 Operaciones Mecanizadas ; 3315.04 Fundiciones (General) ; 3310.05 Ingeniería de Procesos
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Robotic-directed energy deposition has attracted the attention of the research community and industry as a process capable of producing large metallic parts. The selection of the manufacturing conditions is a critical step in improving the process efficiency and quality of the produced parts. The present work aims at analyzing the geometry and surface topography of walls built using several conditions and inclination angles, without additional supports except for the substrate. The walls were made of AWS A5.18. ER70S-6 steel using the Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing process. The study used both dimensional and 3D topography measurements to analyze the results. As findings, the travel speed played an important role in the size of the cross-section due to the heat input to the welding zone. Heat accumulation was a critical factor in the size and accuracy of the beads. Moreover, intermediate cooling provided structures with more uniform dimensions, smaller width, and higher layer growth. The inclination of the pieces influenced the width and uniformity of the beads, generating minor imperfections on the downside of the pieces because of gravity.
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