Timing uncertainty in collective risk dilemmas encourages group reciprocation and polarization
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/3904
EDITED VERSION: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2589004220309494
UNESCO SUBJECT: 1203.04 Inteligencia Artificial
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Social dilemmas are often shaped by actions involving uncertain returns only achievable in the future, such as climate action or voluntary vaccination. In this context, uncertainty may produce non-trivial effects. Here, we assess experimentally — through a collective risk dilemma — the effect of timing uncertainty, i.e. how uncertainty about when a target needs to be reached affects the participants' behaviors. We show that timing uncertainty prompts not only early generosity but also polarized outcomes, where participants' total contributions are distributed unevenly. Furthermore, analyzing participants' behavior under timing uncertainty reveals an increase in reciprocal strategies. A data-driven game-theoretical model captures the self-organizing dynamics underpinning these behavioral patterns. Timing uncertainty thus casts a shadow on the future that leads participants to respond early, whereas reciprocal strategies appear to be important for group success. Yet, the same uncertainty also leads to inequity and polarization, requiring the inclusion of new incentives handling these societal issues.
Files in this item
- 2020_domingos_timing_uncertain ...