Gold standard evaluation of an automatic HAIs surveillance system
UNIVERSAL IDENTIFIER: http://hdl.handle.net/11093/4244
EDITED VERSION: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/1049575/
UNESCO SUBJECT: 3201.03 Microbiología Clínica ; 1203.20 Sistemas de Control Medico ; 3205.05 Enfermedades Infecciosas
DOCUMENT TYPE: article
Hospital-acquired Infections (HAIs) surveillance, defined as the systematic collection of data related to a certain health event, is considered an essential dimension for a prevention HAI program to be effective. In recent years, new automated HAI surveillance methods have emerged with the wide adoption of electronic health records (EHR). Here we present the validation results against the gold standard of HAIs diagnosis of the InNoCBR system deployed in the Ourense University Hospital Complex (Spain). Acting as a totally autonomous system, InNoCBR achieves a HAI sensitivity of 70.83% and a specificity of 97.76%, with a positive predictive value of 77.24%. The kappa index for infection type classification is 0.67. Sensitivity varies depending on infection type, where bloodstream infection attains the best value (93.33%), whereas the respiratory infection could be improved the most (53.33%). Working as a semi-automatic system, InNoCBR reaches a high level of sensitivity (81.73%), specificity (99.47%), and a meritorious positive predictive value (94.33%).
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